# EL 2.1 Modbus TCP Communication Interface

# Introduction

Refer to the Refernce section for details of the Modbus protocol.

This document describes public Modbus TCP implementation for Enapter Electrolyser EL 2.1 and assume understanding of TCP/IP and Modbus protocols.

# Physical Interface Connection

Connect Ethernet cable to the Ethernet Port of Enapter EL 2.1 electrolyser.

# TCP/IP Connection Settings

By default DHCP client is enabled therefore IP address will be assigned automatically by DHCP server available in the connected network.

It is recommended to set DHCP reservation based on MAC address of the electrolyser.

Configuration of the Static IP is possible using Enpater Cloud and Enapter Mobile Application for iOS and Android.

# Modbus Connection Settings

Option Value Comment
Modbus Port 502
Modbus Slave Address 1 Enapter Electrolyser always addressed as a slave

# References

http://www.modbus.org/docs/Modbus_Application_Protocol_V1_1b.pdf (opens new window)

# Data Formats Used

Primary tables Object Type Permission Comment
Input Registers 16 bit word Read Only
Holding Registers 16 bit word Read / Write

# Data Bits/Registers Dimension

Data Type Size in Bits Registers Used Comment
Boolean 16 bits 1 register 0 value means 'false', all other cases - 'true'
Uint16 16 bits 1 register
Uint32 32 bits 2 registers
Uint64 64 bits 4 registers
Float32 32 bits:
* bit 31: Sign (1 bit)
* bit 30-23: Exponent (8 bits)
* bit 22-0: Fraction (23 bits)
2 registers IEEE 754 Single-precision floating-point

# Data Encoding

Big endian, high word first data encoding used.

This means that when more than single byte (8 bits) is transmitted, network byte order is used - the most significant byte placed at lower address (sent first).

# Implemented Modbus Functions

Function Code Comment
Read Holding Registers 03
Read Input Registers 04
Write Single Holding Register 06
Write Multiple Holding Registers 16

# Modbus Data Model

Input registers and Holding registers are referred to in the range 3XXXX and 4XXXX respectful (also known as PLC Address). For example, Holding register 0 in this document would be referred to as 40001 and would be addressed as register 0000 in the data address field of the Modbus message (also known as Protocol Address).

# Set/Read Modbus IP

To set Modbus IP:

  1. Open the Cloud and navigate to your site
  2. Select EL2.1 you want to set Modbus IP
  3. Click the Configuration menu item
  4. Click Set Modbus IP
  5. Enter the IP address and then click Create Command
  6. Wait until command will be accepted

To read Modbus IP:

  1. Open the Cloud and navigate to your site
  2. Select EL2.1 you want to read Modbus IP
  3. Click the Configuration menu item
  4. Click Read Modbus IP
  5. You can see Modbus IP in Execution Payload section

# Modbus Table

# Holding Registers (Read / Write)

Register Data Type Name Comment
0 Uint64 Unix Time Seconds from 1 January 1970 UTC.
e.g. 02/29/2020 @ 3:15pm (UTC) represented as 1582989315.
4 Boolean Reboot 1 = Reboot.
5 Boolean Locate Electrolyser 1 = Start Blinking All LED; 0 = Stop Blinking All LED.
6 Boolean Maintenance Mode 1 = Enable Maintenance Mode; 0 = Disable Maintenance Mode.
1000 Boolean Start / Stop Electrolyser 1 = Start; 0 = Stop.
1002 Float32 Production Rate [%] Current production rate in percent (system reset set this value to 'Default Production Rate'), can be changed 'on-fly' even when electrolyser produce H2
1010 Boolean Request Blowdown routine 1 = Request blowdown or read 'is blowdown requested'
1011 Boolean Force Water Refilling 1 = Start Force Water Refilling
4000 Boolean Configuration Begin 1 = Start configuration
4001 Boolean Configuration Commit 1 = Commit current changes; 0 = Rollback changes
4020 Uint32 Set Ethernet IP Address e.g. 0xC0A80201 (192.168.2.1); 0 = DHCP enabled
4022 Uint32 Set Ethernet IP Netmask
4024 Uint32 Set Ethernet Gateway IP Address
4026 Uint64 Enapter Chassis Serial Number
4038 Uint32 Cloud logs 0 = disable logging (default); 1 = only fatal errors; 2 = fatal errors and errors; 3 = warnings and more important; 4 = everything before and important messages; 5 = all messages, except internal debug ones; 6 = all messages
4042 Uint32 System logs 0 = disable logging (default); 1 = only fatal errors; 2 = fatal errors and errors; 3 = warnings and more important; 4 = everything before and important messages; 5 = all messages, except internal debug ones; 6 = all messages
4044 Uint32 Syslog IP Address Default IP address 255.255.255.255 (Broadcast)
4046 Uint16 Syslog Port Default port 514
4308 Float32 Set Max Tank Pressure (Outlet) bar
4310 Float32 Set Restart Pressure (Outlet) bar
4376 Uint64 Enapter Stack Serial Number
4396 Float32 Set Default Production Rate [%] This register can be modified only when stack is inactive (Idle or Maintenance mode)
4600 Uint32 Heartbeat ModBus Timeout Seconds; 0 = disable
4602 Uint32 Heartbeat Gateway Timeout Seconds; 0 = disable
4604 Uint32 Heartbeat UCM Timeout Seconds; 0 = disable
4864 Uint32 Period for warmup water level Milliseconds
4874 Float32 Minimal Stack current for check Amperes
4876 Float32 Threshold for Stack current check
4878 Uint32 Period for Stack current check Milliseconds
4880 Uint32 Check Membrane Period bar
4890 Uint32 Check Membrane Pressure Threshold Milliseconds
4892 Uint32 Check Membrane Voltage Threshold Volts
6014 Float32 PT01 minimal threshold Dryer output pressure at which it will leave Stand-by
6016 Float32 PT01 maximal threshold Dryer output pressure at which it will move to Stand-by
6018 Boolean Start/Stop Dryer Write: 1 = Start; 0 = Stop.
Read until: β‰  259 - command handled for start
Read until: = 259 - command handled for stop
6019 Boolean Stop Dryer Write: 1 = Stop
Read until: = 259 - command handled
6020 Boolean Reboot Dryer 1 = Reboot

# Input Registers (Read Only)

Register Data Type Name Comment
0 Uint32 Device Model 0x454C3231 ("EL21")
2 Uint16 Firmware MAJOR and MINOR Version e.g. 0x0100 (1.0)
3 Uint16 Firmware PATCH Version e.g. 0x0011 (17)
4 Uint32 Firmware Build Number e.g. 0x4E343471
6 Uint128 Device Control Board Serial Number 9E25E695-A66A-61DD-6570-50DB4E73652D
14 Uint64 Chassis Serial Number 1 bits - reserved, must be 0
10 bits - Product Unicode
11 bits - Year + Month
5 bits - Day
24 bits - Chassis Number
5 bits - Order
8 bits - Site
Example
18 Uint16 System State 0 = Internal Error, System not Initialized yet; 1 = System in Operation; 2 = Error; 3 = System in Maintenance Mode; 4 = Fatal Error; 5 = System in Expert Mode.
20 Uint32 Live time [seconds] Total time during which a system is power up (not only time when stack is working).
22 Uint32 Uptime [seconds] How long the system has been running
26 Uint32 Free memory
28 Uint32 Available memory
30 Uint32 Free space on flash-card
768 Array of 32 Warning Events Warning Events Array Warning Events Array represented by Error Codes. First Uint16 contains total quantity of Warning Events.
832 Array of 32 Error Events Error Events Array Error Events Array represented by Error Codes. First Uint16 contains total quantity of Error Events.
1000 Uint32 Stack Serial Number 1 bits - reserved, must be 0
15 bits - Stack Type
11 bits - Year + Month
29 bits - Stack Number
8 bits - Site
1002 Uint32 Stack Start/Stop Cycles Quantity
1004 Uint32 Stack Total Runtime seconds
1006 Float32 Stack Total H2 Production NL
1008 Float32 H2 Flow Rate NL/hour, NAN when not producing H2;
1010 Uint64 Product Code 0 = ELE210535A2AXV01_03
1 = ELE210508A2AXV01_03
2 = ELE210535A2AXV04
3 = ELE210508A2AXV04
4 = ELE210535A2LSV01
5 = ELE210508A2LXV01
6 = ELE210535D4AXV01
7 = ELE210508D4AXV01
8 = ELE210535A2ASV05
9 = ELE210508A2ASV05
1200 Uint16 Electrolyser State 0 = Halted; 1= Maintenance mode; 2 = Idle; 3 = Steady; 4 = Stand-By (Max Pressure); 5 = Curve; 6 = Blowdown.
4000 Boolean Configuration Progress 1 = Configuration is in progress.
4001 Boolean Configuration Source 1 = Configuration over Modbus.
4002 Int32 Last Configuration Result 0 = OK, Configuration was completed successfully; 1 = Permanent, The operation has failed (internal or general error); 2 = No Entry, Configuration was not started or interrupted; 5 = I/O, Data save error; 11 - Try again, Configuration needs to be tried again; 13 = Access Denied, Some changed registers are read-only; 16 = Busy, Another configuration was in progress; 22 = Invalid, The data has invalid or wrong type.
4004 Uint16 Last Configuration Wrong Holding Keeps first invalid Holding register number which doesn't allow successful configuration commit.
4600 Uint16 Heartbeat
6000 Uint16 Dryer Error Dryer error code (bitmask).
6001 Uint16 Dryer Warning Dryer warning code (bitmask).
6002 Float32 Dryer TT00 Temperature of heater element for cartridge 0 (first line).
6004 Float32 Dryer TT01 Temperature of heater element for cartridge 1 (second line).
6006 Float32 Dryer TT02 Temperature of heater element for cartridge 2 (first line).
6008 Float32 Dryer TT03 Temperature of heater element for cartridge 3 (second line).
6010 Float32 Dryer PT00 Input pressure of the dryer.
6012 Float32 Dryer PT01 Output pressure of the dryer.
6100 UintΠ΅32 3 OUI octets for Wi-Fi MAC address
6102 UintΠ΅32 3 NIC octets for Wi-Fi MAC address
6104 Boolean Dryer Control Network Connection Status 1 = Online; 0 = Offline
7000 Boolean High Electrolyte Level Switch (LSH102B_in) 1 = Electrolyte level over sensor; 0 = Electrolyte level below sensor.
7001 Boolean Very High Electrolyte Level Switch (LSHH102A_in) 1 = Electrolyte level over sensor; 0 = Electrolyte level below sensor.
7002 Boolean Low Electrolyte Level Switch (LSL102D_in) 1 = Electrolyte level over sensor; 0 = Electrolyte level below sensor.
7003 Boolean Medium Electrolyte Level Switch (LSM102C_in) 1 = Electrolyte level over sensor; 0 = Electrolyte level below sensor.
7004 Boolean Electrolyte Tank High Pressure Switch (PSH102_in) 1 = Pressure is too high; 0 = Pressure is normal.
7005 Boolean Very High Hydrogen Pressure Switch (PSHH101B_in) 1 = Pressure is too high; 0 = Pressure is normal.
7006 Boolean Downstream High Temperature Switch (TSH106_in) 1 = Temperature is too high. 0 = Temperature is normal.
7007 Boolean Electronic Compartment High Temperature Switch (TSH108_in) 1 = Temperature is too high. 0 = Temperature is normal.
7008 Boolean Very Low Electrolyte Temperature Switch (TSLL102B_in) 1 = Temperature is too low. 0 = Temperature is normal.
7009 Boolean Chassis Water Presence Switch (WPS104_in) 1 = Water is present on input; 0 = No water input.
7500 Float32 Electrolyte Cooler Fan Speed (F103A_in_rpm) [rpm]
7502 Float32 Air Circulation Fan Speed (F104B_in_rpm) [rpm]
7504 Float32 Electronic Compartment Cooling Fan Speed (F108C_in_rpm) [rpm]
7506 Float32 Electrolyte Flow Meter (FM106_in_lmin) [Liters per minute]
7508 Float32 Stack Current (HASS_in_a) [Ampere]
7510 Float32 PSU Voltage (Stack Voltage) (PSU_in_v) [Volt]
7512 Float32 Inner Hydrogen Pressure (PT101A_in_bar) [bar]
7514 Float32 Outer Hydrogen Pressure (PT101C_in_bar) [bar]
7516 Float32 Water Inlet Pressure (PT105_in_bar) [bar]
7518 Float32 Electrolyte Temperature (TT102A_in_c) [Β°C]
7520 Float32 Downstream Temperature (TT106_in_c) [Β°C]
8000 Float32 Inner Hydrogen Pressure Raw Sensor Value (PT101A_in_v) Raw value, [Volt]
8002 Float32 Outer Hydrogen Pressure Raw Sensor Value (PT101C_in_v) Raw value, [Volt]
8004 Float32 Stack Current Raw Sensor Value (HASS_in_v) Raw value, [Volt]

# Dryer error/warning code bitmask

Dryer error/warning code bitmask (opens new window) is 16-bit value where each bit representing one type of error. The following table provides the detailed description of each error.

Bit number Description
0 TT00 has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)
1 TT01 has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)
2 TT02 has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)
3 TT03 has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)
4 TT00 value growth is not enough (heating mechanism does not work properly)
5 TT01 value growth is not enough (heating mechanism does not work properly)
6 TT02 value growth is not enough (heating mechanism does not work properly)
7 TT03 value growth is not enough (heating mechanism does not work properly)
8 PS00 (pressure switch on line 0) is triggered
9 PS01 (pressure switch on line 1) is triggered
10 F100 has invalid RPM speed (fan between line 0 and line 1)
11 F101 has invalid RPM speed (fan on line 0)
12 F102 has invalid RPM speed (fan on line 1)
13 PT00 (Input pressure) has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)
14 PT01 (Output pressure) has invalid value (sensor provides unexpected values)

# Diagrams

# System State Diagram

This diagram describes possible transition between different electrolyser states. The state can be read in the Input Register #18.

# Examples

# Example: Reading Chassis Serial Number

Read from Modbus 586601960808264448.

Decode into binary format 0001000001 00100000001 11011 000000001101010000110001 10011 00000000 and parse every part.

Product Unicode = 0b0001000001 = 65 : 2 (A=1, B=2,..., Z=26 => 'B') * 32 + 1 (=>'A') => 'AB'

Year + Month = 0b00100000001 = 257 : 21 * 12 + 5 => May 2021

Day = 0b11011 = 27

Chassis Number = 0b000000001101010000110001 = 54321

Order = 0b10011 = 19: (=>S)

Site = 0b000000 = 0 (0 - PIsa, 1 - SAerbeck => PI)

Result Chassis Serial Number - AB 21 05 27 54321 S PI

# Example: Change Electrolyser Restart Pressure over Modbus TCP

Here is an example to change Electrolyser Restart Pressure to 25 bar over Modbus TCP. This will enable Electrolyser to restart when pressure drop to 25 bar on outlet.

# Example: Reading Modbus Input Registers

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Word Count
    00 01 00 00 00 06 01 04 03 EE 00 02
  • Request Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Read Input Registers – default: 04
    • Reference Number: Starting register – decimal: 1006
    • Word Count: Number of registers to read – decimal: 2
  • Wireshark Example

    Reading Modbus Request

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Byte Count Register[0] Register[1]
    00 01 00 00 00 07 01 04 04 48 00 10 7A
  • Response Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – decimal: 7
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Read Input Registers – default: 04
    • Byte Count: Registers values size – decimal: 4
    • Register[0] value – decimal: 18432
    • Register[1] value – decimal: 4218
    • Register[…] value – 2 bytes
  • Wireshark Example

    Reading Modbus Response

# Example: Writing to Modbus Holding Registers

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 01 00 00 00 06 01 06 00 04 00 01
  • Request Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Starting register – decimal: 4
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Modbus Request

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 01 00 00 00 06 01 06 00 04 01
  • Response Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Register to write – decimal: 4
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Modbus Response

# Example: Reading Errors Sequence

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Word Count
    00 01 00 00 00 06 01 04 03 40 00 20
  • Request packet description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol Identifier – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Read Input Registers – default: 04
    • Reference Number: Starting register – default: 03 40
    • Word Count: Number of registers to read – default: 00 20
  • Wireshark Example

    Reading Errors Request

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Byte Count Register[0] Register[1]
    00 01 00 00 00 43 01 04 40 00 01 11 B3
  • Response packet description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – default: 00 01
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 43
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Read Input Registers – default: 04
    • Byte count: Registers values size – default: 40
    • Register[0] value – total number of errors, decimal: 1
    • Register[1] value – error code 1: 11 B3
    • Register[…] value – error code N
  • Wireshark Example

    Reading Errors Response

# Example: Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 02 00 00 00 06 01 06 0F A0 00 01
  • Request Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 2
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Starting register – decimal: 4000
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout Request 1

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 02 00 00 00 06 01 06 0F A0 00 01
  • Response Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 2
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Register to write – decimal: 4000
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout Response 1

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 03 00 00 00 06 01 06 11 F8 00 00
  • Request Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 3
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Starting register – decimal: 4600
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 0
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout Request 2

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 03 00 00 00 06 01 06 11 F8 00 00
  • Response Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 3
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Register to write – decimal: 4600
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 0
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout Response 2

  • Request Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 04 00 00 00 06 01 06 0F A1 00 01
  • Request Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 4
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Starting register – decimal: 4001
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1
  • Wireshark Example

    Writing Heartbeat Modbus Timeout Request 3

  • Response Packet

    Transaction ID Protocol ID Query Length Unit ID Function Code Reference Number Data
    00 04 00 00 00 06 01 06 0F A1 00 01
  • Response Packet Description

    Modbus/TCP

    • Transaction ID – decimal: 4
    • Protocol ID – default: 00 00
    • Query Length – default: 00 06
    • Unit ID: Slave Address – default: 01

    Modbus

    • Function Code: Write Single Register – default: 06
    • Reference Number: Register to write – decimal: 4001
    • Data: Value to write – decimal: 1